New Castle, Delaware, is a town in New Castle County. It is located on the Delaware River six miles south of Wilmington. The city occupies 3.2 square miles and is home to approximately 5,382 residents (U.S. Census 2015 estimate).
New Castle History
Peter Stuyvesant led the settlement of this area in 1651, under the banner of the Dutch West India Company. It was originally called Fort Casimir. The location was considered strategic by nation’s vying for control of the new world, and at various points in its history, New Castle was under the control of the Netherlands, Sweden, and Great Britain.
Delaware is located in a climate transition zone, with humid continental conditions to the north and humid subtropical conditions to the south. New Castle County sees moderately cold winters and hot summers. The average annual rainfall is 44.4 in. (U.S. average is 36.5 in.) and the average annual snowfall is 16.5 in. (U.S. average is 25 in.). Average high temperatures in July correspond to most U.S. cities (86°F); average lows in January (23.9°F) are a little warmer than the rest of the country (20.5°F).
For public transportation, residents rely on the Delaware Transit Corporation (DART) which operates buses throughout the state, including several dozen routes in New Castle County. An Amtrak Station in Wilmington, 5 miles away, provides rail travel. Air travelers can catch flights at the New Castle Airport or at the Philadelphia International Airport 30 miles to the northeast. Motorists will rely on I-95 and its offshoots for getting in and out, as well as U.S. 40, U.S. 13, and several state roads. The average commute time is 23 minutes.
Cost of Living
According to Area Vibes, the cost of living in New Castle carries about a ten percent premium compared to the average for U.S. However, it is two percent lower than the average for Delaware cities. While you can expect to pay a state income tax of 5.55 percent, Delaware does not charge a sales tax. How far will your earnings go in New Castle? Use the links below to find out.
The Colonial School District administers K-12 public education in New Castle with eight elementary schools, three middle schools, one high school, and two schools for students with special needs. In addition, 114 private schools operate in the county, including 74 preschools. For higher education, Wilmington University is located in New Castle, and 87 other colleges and universities are located within 50 miles.
According to U.S. Hospital Finder, 68 hospitals operate within 30 miles of New Castle. These include Christiana Hospital in nearby Newark, Delaware, with 913 beds. It is a major teaching hospital and operates the only Level I trauma center in the state. It maintains centers of excellence in neonatal intensive care (Level III) as well as heart and vascular health. U.S. News & World Report ranks Christiana Hospital #1 in Delaware.
The most recent census found 2,497 housing units in New Castle, with two out of three being owner-occupied. Between 2010 and 2014, the median value of owner-occupied housing units was $207,500. For families carrying a mortgage, the median monthly cost of ownership was $1,429; without a mortgage the amount was $404.
You have several choices for lodging in New Castle. If you’re watching your budget, you may like the Super 8 or Quality Inn & Suites Skyways on SR 15. Both offer free WiFi and breakfast. For a more upscale stay, you may opt for the three-star Sheraton Wilmington South Hotel with a pool and restaurant. It’s located on I-295, aka the Delaware Turnpike. If you’re in the mood for history, consider spending the night at the Terry House Bed and Breakfast. For extended business stays, Deemer Place offers “an alternative choice for the hotel weary.”
Life in New Castle comes with several good choices for dining. Yelp has top 10 restaurants for you to choose from. Visit Arner’s Restaurant & Bakery for traditional American home-style dinners and made-from-scratch desserts. At Jessop’s Tavern you can indulge in hot, hearty dishes and a large selection of Belgian brewskis, made all the more tasty in the colonial tavern atmosphere.
Things to Do
New Castle’s greatest attraction may be its historic charm, with cobblestone streets and buildings that hearken back to colonial times. When you visit the Court House Museum, built in 1732, the site where Delaware declared its independence in 1776 to become the “first state.” Another must-see: Read House & Gardens on the Delaware River. This elegant home, preserved by the Delaware Historical Society, shows the finest flower of colonial architecture and over 300 years of history for you to explore.