Columbus, located on the fall line of the Piedont plateau and bordering Alabama, was founded along the bank of the Chattahoochee River where the rapidly falling water provided an excellent source of power for textile mills. Columbus is home to 8 historic districts listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The city is divided into five geographic areas, East, North, South, Midtown and Uptown, which is the central business district. Just south of Columbus is the US Army's Fort Benning, the area's largest employer and home to more than 120,000 soldiers, family members, and civilian employees. Best Life Magazine ranked Columbus #4 on the "Top 100 Places to Raise a Family" and Money Magazine lists Columbus as one of the best places to retire to.
Founded in 1828, by an act of the Georgia Legislature, Columbus was named for Christopher Columbus. The plan for the city was placed on a bluff overlooking the river, across from Phenix City, Alabama. The river connected Columbus and the plantations in the region with the international cotton market via New Orleans and ultimately Liverpool, England. By 1860, Columbus was an important industrial center due to textile manufacturing at the mills located along the Chattahoochee. When the war came in 1861, Columbus ranked second to Richmond in the manufacture of supplies for the Confederate army. In addition to textiles, the city had an ironwork and a sword factory as well as a shipyard for the Confederate Navy. By the time of the Spanish American War, the city saw the addition of trolleys and a new water works. Camp Benning was established as a training camp for infantrymen in 1918, being renamed to Fort Benning a few years later. Urban blight during the mid twentieth century gave way to urban renewal and revitalization toward the end of the century. Most recently, the city created the longest urban whitewater rafting venue in the world, completed in 2012. Find out more about the history of Columbus with the following link.
Columbus is known for hot, humid summers and mild winters. Daytime summer temperatures often reach a high in the mid 90’s, and low temperatures in the winter average in the upper 30’s. Snowfall in Columbus is rare, averaging less than one inch per year, but the city also experiences around 45" of annual rainfall distributed throughout the year. Get more information about Little Rock’s climate and weather using the following links.
There are many modes of transportation in downtown Columbus available to tourists and residents. METRA Transit System provides local bus service, currently operating nine routes in Columbus. Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service with a station in Downtown Columbus. The Columbus Airport, the fourth busiest airport in Georgia, is located just off of I-185 It is served by ExpressJet Airlines’ Delta Connection service with several daily flights to Atlanta. Learn more about local travel in Columbus with these links.
Cost of Living in Columbus
The cost of living in Columbus, Georgia is 7% below the national average. If you are planning to relocate to Columbus, one of your biggest concerns will be the availability of housing. While the average cost of a home in Columbus is substantially lower than the national average, the large military population at nearby Fort Benning ensures a high demand. Check the fit of your budget for living in Columbus with these links.
The Muscogee County School District serves school-age children in grades pre-school to grade twelve, with thirty-five elementary schools, twelve middle schools, and nine high schools. The school district employs 2,068 full-time teachers and provides education to nearly 33,000 students.
Columbus’ top-ranked hospital is St. Francis Hospital. St. Francis is a general medical and surgical facility that is known for its high performance in its heart failure treatment and procedures. If you’re planning a move to Columbus, it’s a good idea to know the medical resources available to you:
Columbus Real Estate
Columbus offers a wide range of homes in all styles and for all budgets. Columbus is considered to be something of a hot market compared to other parts of the country, due to a growing economy and expansion of the nearby military base. Explore the home buying options in Columbus with these links.
There are plenty of places to stay in Columbus, Georgia with name brand hotels located along Interstate 185 and state routes 80, and 431. If you are looking for a unique experience, the Rothschild Pound House Inn is located in the heart of the Historic District and is close to the Uptown business and entertainment districts. The Country Inn and Suites located in the Bradley Park area offers comfortable accommodations and convenience with nearby shopping, dining, and entertainment. Discover other places to stay with the following links.
Located in the restored Mill #3 in Uptown Columbus, Epic Restaurant is a fine dining experience worthy of your most important special occasions. While The Loft opened as a music venue and recording studio, they added a restaurant in 2010 and Downstairs at The Loft quickly became a ’Top 10" restaurant in Columbus with an ever-changing menu. If it’s a steak you crave, The Black Cow is ready to serve with a side of southern hospitality. For fried chicken and southern soul food, Minnie’s Uptown Restaurant serves a wide selection in this casual, cafeteria-style dining establishment. Find other great places to dine using the following links.
Things to Do in Columbus
Columbus offers an array of venues with world-class entertainment. Located in the heart of historic Uptown Columbus, RiverCenter for the Performing Arts is the centerpiece of the city’s new arts and entertainment district. A National Historic Landmark since 1975, the Springer Opera House opened in 1871 and operates as a working theatre, presenting year-round entertainment on two stages. Columbus is also home to nationally acclaimed museums. The Columbus Museum houses over 14,000 artifacts and an American fine art collection that includes paintings, sculptures, and decorative arts from a host of renowned American artists. The Port Columbus National Civil War Naval Museum houses the largest surviving Confederate warship, the CSS Jackson, as well as the wreckage of the CSS Chattahoochee. The National Infantry Museum contains one of the largest collections of military art and artifacts telling the story of American Infantrymen. For an outdoor adventure, nothing beats rafting through Columbus on the world’s longest urban whitewater rafting course. Get the latest information on things to do in Columbus with the following links.